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Mandiant Shares Cybersecurity Predictions for 2022

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Mandiant has released its predictions report – 14 Cyber Security Predictions for 2022 and Beyond.
“The only constant in our industry is the uncertainty in the cyber realm. Attackers keep evolving – getting more sophisticated and changing their tactics, techniques and procedures to try get one up on the defenders,” said Gordon Love, VP MEA at Mandiant. “This report provides security leaders with an overview of what to expect in 2022 and beyond, based on the trends we see now. Organisations have a lot to keep in mind for next year, but remaining vigilant will enable them to defend against upcoming threats—and respond to those that inevitably get through.”

The top cyber security threats identified in the report include:

No end in sight for Ransomware
The ransomware threat has grown significantly throughout the past decade, and it will continue its upward trend. The business of ransomware is simply too lucrative unless international governments and technology innovations can fundamentally alter the attacker cost-benefit calculation.

Threat actors engaged in multifaceted extortion will continue to find more ways to extort payments from their victims. In 2022 Mandiant expects to see actors ramp up new tactics, such as trying to recruit insiders within their victims or targets. More cybercriminals are expected to evolve as threat actors become more business savvy and learn what kind of situations their victims most want to avoid.

Focus on Operation Technology (OT)
Throughout 2021, Mandiant observed low sophistication threat actors learn that they could create big impacts in the OT space—perhaps even bigger than intended. Actors will continue to explore the OT space in 2022 and increasingly use ransomware in their attacks.

Attacks against critical OT environments can cause severe disruption and even threaten human lives, thereby increasing the pressure for organizations to pay a ransom. To compound the issue, many of these OT devices are not built with security at the forefront of the design, and there is a massive uptick in the number of vulnerabilities being identified in OT environments.

Iran to continue their aggressive stance
Iran will use its cyber tools in a much more aggressive manner to promote regional interests. Iran will also continue to target Israel and others in the Middle East. They’ve shown their capability and willingness to use destructive malware, so they are expected to take advantage of any presented opportunities. Ultimately, Iran will try to create more of a power balance shifted to its own interests. Mandiant has seen them targeting abroad, but their targeting will most likely be regional throughout 2022.

Afghanistan events may trigger espionage
With the assertion of Taliban control and departure of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, one can expect further cyber espionage and information operations. The usual information operations actors—Iran, China, Russia—are expected to push narratives to support their interests through the end of 2021 and into 2022. They’ll also play up negative perceptions around the events, notably the perception that the U.S. failed to live up to its commitments to organizations and countries.

Cloud and third parties introduce new chokepoints
Organizations will continue to increasingly rely on the cloud and cloud-hosted third-party providers for primary business tasks, putting more pressure on those third parties to maintain both availability and security. The proportion of Mandiant incident response investigations involving cloud resources has grown over the past several years, and they anticipate that cloud compromise and abuse will continue to grow in tandem with enterprise cloud adoption throughout 2022.

More internet of things (IoT) devices, more vulnerabilities, more attack surface
As the number of IoT devices grow, so will the number of vulnerabilities for bug hunters to track. These devices are connected, and the general attack surface expands with the potential for profound impact. Unfortunately, there hasn’t been enough emphasis on security in fundamental IoT device design to fix these issues, so the situation will only get worse in the years to come.

As we move into 2022, CISOs have a lot on their mind and remaining vigilant will enable them to defend against upcoming threats—and respond to those that inevitably get through.

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Cyber Security

Telecom Sector: Cyber Attack Target Number One for Nation-State Actors

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Written by Roland Daccache, Systems Engineer Manager MEA, CrowdStrike

Telecommunications providers play a unique and crucial role in modern societies. Businesses, governments, and individuals rely on the smooth functioning of communications. However, it is precisely this centrality and ubiquitous presence of telecommunications systems that also make them valuable targets for governments and criminals worldwide.

Targeting the telecommunications sector is becoming more and more popular
The latest Overwatch Report from CrowdStrike shows that attacks on the telecommunications industry have more than doubled in the last 12 months. Overall, 40 percent of all targeted attack attempts detected by OverWatch experts were directed at this industry. Especially for nation-state actors, this target industry is very attractive, because targeted attacks can be used to realise their own surveillance, intelligence, and counterintelligence missions. It comes as no surprise that the telecommunications industry tops the list of the top 5 industry targets among nation-state actors.

Most attacks on telecom companies come from groups close to China. However, actors with an Iranian background have also been spotted attacking the telecom sector. The operations against telecommunication providers illustrate that the protection of sensitive data and critical infrastructure is becoming increasingly important. One more reason to take a close look at the constantly changing threat landscape and its actors is to find effective methods against their tools, techniques, and procedures (TTPs).

Attacks on the telecommunications industry – The typical TTPs
To gain initial access to their victim networks, communications sector attackers use a variety of techniques. Among the most common is spear phishing, exploiting vulnerabilities, compromising the supply chain, and misusing legitimate credentials.

Once the first step is taken, the attackers use native tools such as Windows Management Instrumentation or even various command and script interpreters such as Powershell to carry out their mission. To avoid detection and be able to carry out the attack without interference, the perpetrators keep looking for new hosts that offer the possibility to collect credentials to continue moving laterally through the target environment unnoticed.

To grab the desired credentials in Microsoft environments, attackers often use Mimikatz, read LSASS memory (often via comsvcs.dll or using ProcDump), or modify the WDigest registry key to store passwords in plain text.

In Linux environments, attackers often look at the contents of sensitive files, such as .bash_history, passwd, shadow, and other configuration files and administrative scripts when trying to discover credentials. OverWatch has also observed attackers using newer techniques. For example, in one case, an attacker deployed SSH daemons via a backdoor that was capable of logging credentials.

Cyber attackers also often use web-based login pages. They are modified in such a way that the login information can also be stored for later retrieval. Thus, hackers are no longer under time pressure for their initial access. So-called web shells also make it possible to manage multiple victim networks via a single interface. This leads to the very real danger of multiple attacks being launched simultaneously by one hacker group.

This is because the effort required to carry out operations is thus considerably reduced for the attackers. In addition, web shells can be used because of their simplicity and cross-platform compatibility or in different web server environments. With all these tools, actors manage to know when, how, and where call details and SMS messages are forwarded and recorded in order to strike.

Collateral damage from hacker attacks
To disguise their true goals and intentions, attackers often carry out very large-scale data exfiltrations. In reality, however, they are often only interested in specific information from very few people. The damage caused is therefore often immense. It is therefore all the more important to identify and stop the attackers. However, this undertaking is often more difficult than expected, because criminals often have extensive knowledge of a target network and are therefore difficult to distinguish from legitimate administrators.

A comprehensive cyber defence that also detects and successfully defends against these activities is therefore indispensable, especially for critical infrastructures. To successfully counter the tactics and techniques of modern attackers, it is advisable to rely not only on the latest technologies but also on human know-how and active threat hunting.  These specialists tirelessly search for novel and anomalous tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) of attackers that remain undetected by technical detection measures and stop them as soon as they are identified.

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Cyber Security

ESET Presents Plans for ESET Campus

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ESET has unveiled its plans for the previously announced ESET Campus – an innovation and technology hub based in its headquarters city, Bratislava, Slovakia. The 55,000 m2 campus designed by world-renowned architectural studio BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group will house the company’s new headquarters and will become a center of excellence, creating strong cybersecurity, AI, and innovation ecosystem for Slovakia and Central Europe.

Reflecting the shifting post-pandemic working patterns and the wishes of its employees, ESET Campus is being built to be fit-for-purpose for employees, customers and partners, and their business needs. The Campus’ core function for being a welcoming work environment is going to be supported by a whole array of facilities and amenities for ESET and the local community. Richard Marko, Chief Executive Officer for ESET, said: “I envision the ESET Campus as a creative hub where bold cybersecurity solutions come to life so that we all can enjoy the vast potential of advanced technologies.  By building an inclusive, diverse, green, and collaborative workplace fit for the future, we are addressing the pressing needs of our employees, customers, partners, and our communities. We will continue our strong alignment with societal needs in order to support science, education, and innovation.”

ESET campus will be built on the principles of functionality and ecology by being sustainably built, sustainably operating, and responsibly reporting on its results. The business has already taken the first step towards reporting on its carbon footprint which has seen a 40 percent decrease in carbon emissions in 2020. Palo Luka, Chief Operating Officer for ESET, said: “We think it’s crucial for ESET to lead by example in innovation and technology We want to ensure that our ESET Campus houses the latest technologies and clever and efficient solutions to achieve the highest levels of sustainability. We will aim for a carbon-neutral campus operation, but we’ve got an ambition to also reduce the embodied carbon by building it in the most carbon-neutral way possible, and we hope our partnership with architectural firm BIG will help us achieve this.”

Bjarke Ingels, the founding partner of BIG, presented the finalized plans to the city officials and the public in Bratislava on Wednesday 24th November at a press conference. Ingels said: “The new ESET HQ materializes the brief and challenge we got from the ESET leadership as literally as possible – the architecture is not only ecologically and economically sustainable, it is also socially sustainable: rather than a single hermetic entity, we have dissolved the new campus into a series of buildings framing a central square. An abundance of public spaces, pathways and human-scale pavilions welcome ESET employees, university students, and citizens of Bratislava to gather, exchange knowledge and enjoy. The architecture of the campus can expand organically over time but also feels as a single unified identity that is open, integrated, and accessible to the community from day one. We’re excited for the new ESET HQ to be part of the city’s transformation towards a more engaging public realm and we believe the new ESET HQ has the true potential to become the seed for a new innovation district the city deserves.”

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Cyber Security

Dragos to Open New Office in Dubai in Q1 2022

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Dragos today announced an accelerated expansion in the United Arab Emirates to provide organizations in the region with more direct access to its industrial cybersecurity technology and services so they can respond more quickly to threats, while also developing and training ICS/OT cybersecurity talent to ensure worldwide customer success. The expansion includes a new office in Dubai, which has a planned opening in Q1 2022.

The expansion aligns with the UAE’s cybersecurity strategy established by the Telecommunications and Digital Government Regulatory Authority. Dragos addresses the burgeoning global market for ICS/OT cybersecurity solutions and meets the cybersecurity needs of critical infrastructure organizations in all regions and of any size or complexity.

Within the UAE, Dragos is already protecting the industrial environments of a number of companies, enabling them to maintain comprehensive asset visibility, assess OT-specific threats and vulnerabilities, and respond to threats based on the latest threat intelligence. Their use of Dragos allows them to minimise risk to plant operations and improve security, while also meeting regulatory compliance requirements.

“Many industrial organizations in the UAE are leading the way with digital transformation and recognizing that ICS/OT cybersecurity is more critical than ever in a hyperconnected world,” said Robert M. Lee, Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder of Dragos, Inc. “We are excited to make ICS/OT cybersecurity expertise and technology more accessible to organizations in the UAE as well as to partner with organizations and local ICS/OT cybersecurity practitioner communities here to help grow a needed pool of talented cybersecurity practitioners.”

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