Connect with us

News

UAE Adopts Largest Legislative Reform in its History

Published

on

His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the UAE, has approved a wide-ranging reform of the country’s legal system, which aims to strengthen economic, investment, and commercial opportunities, in addition to maximizing social stability, security and ensuring the rights of both individuals and institutions.

The raft of new laws and legislative amendments came during the “Year of the 50th” and are intended to keep pace with the developmental achievements of the UAE and reflect the country’s future aspirations. Over 40 laws are included in the changes, which together represent the largest legal reform in the young nation’s 50-year history.

The amendments aim to develop the legislative structure in various sectors, including investment, trade, and industry, as well as a commercial company, regulation and protection of industrial property, copyright, trademarks, commercial register, electronic transactions, trust services, factoring, and residency, in addition to laws related to society and personal security including as the Crime and Punishment Law, the Online Security Law, and a law combating the production, sale, and use of narcotics and psychotropic substances.

The new legislative changes came after intensive coordination at both the local and federal levels, where teams comprising 540 specialists and experts from 50 federal and local authorities have worked together over the past five months in consultation with over 100 private sector organisations in order to reflect global best practice in the new legal provisions.

Electronic Transactions and Trust Services
The amendments to the Law on Electronic Transactions and Trust Services aim to keep pace with technological development and enhance ongoing digital transformation.

The law gives digital signatures the same weight as a handwritten signature, a step that obviates the need for a personal presence in order to seal transactions and supporting the globally-based completion of government transactions such as contracts and agreements using a digital signature, provided that the country where the transaction originates has adopted sophisticated authentication mechanism and trust services similar to the UAE standards.

The Law of Electronic Transactions and Trust Services facilitates a wide range of civil and commercial transactions, including marriage, personal status, notary, and real estate services such as renting, buying, selling, and amending contracts.

Industrial Property Rights
The law aims to protect industrial property and regulate the procedures for its registration, use, exploitation, and assignment, to ensure support for knowledge and innovation, and to enhance the UAE’s competitiveness in the field of industrial property rights while adopting best international practices and standards.

The UAE industrial property rights law is dedicated to patents, industrial designs, integrated circuits, non-disclosure agreements, and utility certificates.  It applies across the UAE (including free zones). The law is concerned with applications and details surrounding the eligibility for patents and utility certificates and provides details about the conditions for granting patents.

The law includes sections on compulsory licenses, addressing the rights of the license holder, the multiplicity of compulsory licenses, and the exception to the conditions of compulsory licensing by the court.

Copyrights and Neighbouring Rights
The amendments of the federal law concerning copyrights and neighboring rights maximises the contribution of creative industries in the UAE economy and provide protection to authors of the works and the holders of the neighboring rights, in case aggression against their rights occurs.

The amendments offer special benefits for people of determination in order to enhance their benefit and participation in this vital sector. The law covers all substantive issues pertaining to the author’s rights and neighboring rights, including the right to determine the first publication of the work, the right of writing the work in his name, and the right to protest against alteration of the work if the alteration leads to distortion of the author’s intent.

Trade Marks
The federal law concerning Trade Marks was amended with the aim of expanding the scope of protection. The amendments offer protection to three-dimensional trademarks, holograms, sound trademarks such as musical tones associated with a company and that distinguish its products, and smell trademarks such as creating a distinctive scent for the company or brand.

The updates also include registering geographical names of trademarks or products whose name is associated with the names of specific geographic regions, countries, or cities and are famous for producing this product, in order to enhance the UAE position in promoting its famous products like dates.

Among the changes in the abolition of the requirement to have a trade license to allow the registration of a trademark, and granting SME owners temporary protection to protect the trademark of their products during participation in exhibitions.

Commercial Register
The Commercial Register Law has been amended allowing local authorities in each emirate to retain the right to establish and manage their commercial records, including registration, data monitoring, and change.

A clearer scope for applying the law was also defined to include the registration of companies and economic institutions in all forms, whether commercial (companies) or professional, such as law firms, accountants, and others, to ensure the comprehensiveness of the data contained in the commercial registry for all economic establishments in the UAE.

The commercial register is an official log held by the Ministry of Economy containing details of all businesses operating in the UAE.

Factoring and Transfer of Civil Accounts Receivable
The law is the first federal regulation in the United Arab Emirates dealing specifically with factoring and the assignment of receivables, it provides a new regulatory framework that sets out the legal requirements for assignments and transfers of receivables, validity and perfection requirements, as well as the rules for determining priority amongst competing claims over assigned receivables.

Factoring, a financing arrangement that enables a business to sell its receivables, aims at further supporting the business environment and SME’s. Factoring is a type of financial transaction in which a business sells its invoices to a factoring company.

The law organizes factoring legal requirements including the assignment of receivables and perfection. The new law applies broadly to any assignment of receivables made as part of commercial or civil transactions.

Commercial Companies
The law allows investors and entrepreneurs to establish and fully own onshore companies in all sectors, excluding a small number of reserved “strategic activities”. The amendment aims at boosting the country’s competitive advantage as a part of a wider UAE government agenda to economic diversification towards an innovation-led and knowledge-based economy.

The new Commercial Companies Law aims to increase foreign direct investment (FDI) and reaffirms the UAE’s standing as a leading business hub regionally and globally.

The law was issued to introduce certain amendments concerning Commercial Companies: it specifies the companies that are exempted from the provisions thereof, as well as corporate governance and strategic activities.

The law further details the approvals and licenses required by companies in order to undertake commercial activities within the UAE; in addition to the company’s name, contract, incorporation procedures, and conditions for increasing and decreasing the capital.

The law also clarifies the responsibilities of the board of directors, executive management, the authorities of the general assembly, the prerequisites for issuing bonds and instruments, acquisitions and the administrative penalties imposed on a person deemed to be in breach of its provisions.

Higher Education Law
The law aims to regulate the licensing of higher education institutions in the UAE, it sets the legislative framework to approve curricula, ensure effective governance and management of higher education institutions, improve the quality and competitiveness of higher education in the country, and encourage scientific research in educational institutions.

Provisions of the law apply to all higher education institutions in the country, with the exception of those operating in free zones, the law covers all levels of higher education, including diploma, higher diploma, bachelor, postgraduate diplomas, master’s degrees, and doctorate.

As per the law, the Ministry of Education is tasked with licensing and accreditation of all higher education institutions, in addition to evaluating performance, quality of educational outputs, classification, and monitoring.

Crime and Punishment Law
The UAE has ratified a new and updated Federal Crime and Punishment Law, a move intended to further develop and refine the legislative system of the United Arab Emirates.  The new legislation offers enhanced protections for women and domestic servants, strengthens public safety and security provisions and eases restrictions on extra-marital relationships and it will be fully enacted starting from January 2nd, 2022.

The new law includes the amendment and revision of a number of areas of legislation, including new criminal penalties for public disorder offenses and the de-criminalization of a number of behaviors.

The new law also prohibits the consumption of alcoholic beverages in a public place or in unlicensed locations. The law also prohibits the sale, provision or incitement, or inducement to consume alcoholic beverages to any person below 21 years of age.

The new law stipulates life imprisonment for the crime of rape or non-consensual intercourse and if the victim is under the age of 18, disabled, or otherwise rendered in a condition unable to offer resistance can be extended to capital punishment.

The new law also addresses the crime of indecent assault with imprisonment or a fine of no less than ten thousand dirhams regardless of the victim’s gender. If the use of force or threat is employed in the course of the crime, the penalty shall be imprisonment for a period of no less than (5) five years and not exceeding (20) twenty years.

The penalty will rise to a prison term of no less than (10) ten years and not exceeding (25) twenty-five years if the victim is aged under 18, disabled, or otherwise rendered in a condition unable to offer resistance. Also, the more severe penalty applies if the crime takes place in a place of work, study, shelter, or care.

The law also punishes with imprisonment for a period of no less than six months, consensual extra-marital intercourse with a person aged over 18 years, noting that a criminal case for this crime is only instituted on the basis of a complaint from the husband or guardian. In all cases, the husband or guardian has the right to waive the complaint, and the waiver entails the expiration of the criminal case or the suspension of the execution of the penalty, as the case may be.

The new law effectively decriminalizes consensual relationships out of wedlock, providing that any child conceived as a result of the relationship is acknowledged and will be cared for. Any couple conceiving a child out of wedlock will be required to marry or singly or jointly acknowledge the child and provide identification papers and travel documents in accordance with the laws of the country of which either is a national, considering the applicable laws of that nation. Failing this, a criminal case would introduce a prison term of two years for both correspondents.

One of the most important provisions newly introduced by the Crime and Punishment Law is that the law be applied to anyone who commits, or participates in, a premeditated murder that occurs against a citizen of the United Arab Emirates even if the crime takes place outside the country.

Online Security Law
The law regarding cyber-crimes and combatting online harassment, bullying, and ‘fake news’ will become effective January 2nd, 2022, it is one of the first comprehensive legal frameworks in the region to address concerns raised by online technologies and their applications and abuse.

The law aims to enhance community protection from online crimes committed through the use of networks and information technology platforms, protecting public sector websites and databases, combatting the spread of rumors and ‘fake news’, safeguarding against electronic fraud, and preserving personal privacy and rights.

The new law addresses online false advertising or promotions, including unlicensed trading in crypto-currencies and medical products and supplements.

The law contains provisions related to fake news and misleading information, using online tools, networks, and platforms to broadcast, publish, republish, circulate or recirculate fake news, including false and misleading information, false reports purporting to originate from official sources or that falsely misrepresent official announcements.

The law gives courts powers to confiscate devices, software, content or other means used in the pursuit of a crime, in addition to the deletion of such information.

Data Protection Law
The Personal Data Protection Law constitutes an integrated framework to ensure the confidentiality of the information and protect the privacy of community members by providing proper governance for optimal data management and protection, in addition to defining the rights and duties of all concerned parties.

The provisions of the law are applicable to the processing of personal data, whether all or part of it through electronic systems, inside or outside the country.

The law prohibits the processing of personal data without the consent of its owner, with the exception of some cases in which the processing is necessary to protect the public interest, or that the processing is related to the personal data that has become available and known to all by an act of the data owner, or that the processing is necessary to carry out any of the legal procedures and rights.

The law defines the controls for the processing of personal data and the general obligations of companies that have personal data and defines their obligations to secure personal data and maintain its confidentiality and privacy.

It also defines the rights and cases in which the owner has the right to request correction of inaccurate personal data, restrict or stop the processing of personal data. The law sets out the requirements for the cross-border transfer and sharing of personal data for processing purposes.

UAE Data Office
The law establishing the UAE Data Office aims at ensuring the full protection of personal data. The office, which will be affiliated with the Cabinet, is responsible for a wide range of tasks that include proposing and preparing policies and legislations related to data protection, proposing and approving the standards for monitoring the application of federal legislation regulating this field, preparing and approving systems for complaints and grievances, and issuing the necessary guidelines and instructions for the implementation of data protection legislation.

Events

Intersec 2022: Airbus SLC to Show Off its Portfolio of Communication Products

Published

on

Airbus SLC has revealed its participation at this year’s edition of Intersec, the world-leading emergency services, security, and safety event, which is set to open on January 16 to January 18, 2022, at the Dubai World Trade Center. The Airbus SLC stand will be located at Stall No. D18 in Sheikh Saeed Hall 3. During their presence at the exciting three-day event, Airbus SLC will be throwing the spotlight on its latest additions to its extensive communications portfolio which will include the portable Everus Tactical Cell, the Ergo Plugin for Tactilon Dabat, the Tactilon Agnet Unified Client, and the Tactilon Dabat with Super Connectivity (SC).

The portable Everus Tactical Cell is the right solution for both military and security markets. Designed specifically to enable rapid deployment of a private, stand-alone 4G cell intended for small user groups, the Everus features rugged, military-grade hardware that can withstand extreme environmental conditions.

Airbus SLC will also be holding product demonstrations for its Tactilon Agnet solution, a push-to-talk and end-to-end encrypted system that delivers the best of both Tetra and broadband solutions as well as the Tactilon Dabat solution which focuses on public safety mission-critical LTE networks especially in the efforts to transform smart cities. Both solutions showcase the future of seamless TETRA and LTE integration.

Selim Bouri, Head of Middle East, Africa, and Asia Pacific for Airbus Secure Land Communications said, “We are looking forward to our coming participation at Intersec 2022, which has been dubbed to be the largest edition of the globally recognized event. Joining the show will give us the opportunity to highlight our newest products, newer additions that are expected to play a key role in helping maintain the security and safety sector of the UAE and the rest of the region. We are also excited to meet with other companies, and explore potential partnership and joint cooperation opportunities.”

Continue Reading

Cyber Security

Ooredoo Qatar Chooses Fortinet Secure SD-WAN

Published

on

Ooredoo Qatar, a part of Ooredoo Group – a leading international communications company operating across the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeast Asia, announced that Fortinet, a global leader in broad, integrated, and automated cybersecurity solutions, has been chosen to deliver its Secure SD-WAN solution to boost Ooredoo’s Enterprise EDGE portfolio.

Enterprise EDGE is Ooredoo’s managed SD-WAN service that allows enterprise customers to create a network by mixing and matching services from a wide range of WAN connections. Having transformed its network to be SD-WAN ready, Ooredoo offers a new capability unrivalled by traditional connectivity services.

By leveraging Fortinet Secure SD-WAN, Ooredoo now has access to a security-driven networking approach that consolidates SD-WAN functionality and next-generation firewall security in a single offering. This approach fits squarely with Ooredoo’s objectives to allow business customers to leverage the Ooredoo Advantage, thereby making Ooredoo ‘Best for Business’.

“Ooredoo is a problem solver with the best ICT solutions to address business challenges,” said Thani Ali Al Malki – Executive Director Business at Ooredoo Qatar. “In an entrepreneurial environment faced with increasingly sophisticated security challenges, the peace of mind inherent in Enterprise EDGE built on Fortinet solution will reassure business customers across Qatar, which will then contribute to the complete customer satisfaction for which we aim.”

Fortinet Secure SD-WAN is designed to improve user experience and simplify operations at the WAN edge. This will provide Ooredoo’s customers with a secure SD-WAN solution that integrates next-generation firewall with advanced SD-WAN networking functionality to effectively protect customers’ data and applications along with a high level of visibility, reporting, control and scalability.  It also can be added on top of any standard connectivity services such as National IPVPN, Business Internet, Business Broadband or Mobile Broadband.

As one of the first service providers in the market to offer an in-country SD-WAN solution, Ooredoo’s technical capability means that the new forms of managed customer premise equipment (CPE) will add value to conventional connectivity services by providing enhanced SD-WAN networking features such as application-aware traffic steering, dynamic path selection with service-level agreement (SLA) measurements, and self-healing capabilities.

“We are pleased to strengthen our partnership with Ooredoo Qatar, and enable them to provide secure SD-WAN services to its customers,” said Alain Penel, Regional Vice President – Middle East, Fortinet. “Through our unique security-driven networking strategy which tightly integrates an organization’s network infrastructure and security architecture, Fortinet is enabling Ooredoo with the capability to scale its network and change without compromising security operations while providing superior end-user experience and higher performance to support business customers in their digital transformation efforts.”

Continue Reading

Channel Talk

Quantum Xchange Partners with Spire Solutions

Published

on

Quantum Xchange has entered into a strategic partnership with Spire Solutions, a top value-added distributor and preferred cybersecurity solutions provider servicing the Middle East and Africa. Spire customers, partners, and prospects will benefit from access to Phio Trusted Xchange (TX), Quantum Xchange’s out-of-band key delivery system that enables users to future-proof the security of their data and communications networks; overcome the vulnerabilities of present-day encryption techniques, for instance, keys and data traveling together; and protect against man-in-the-middle, harvesting, and future quantum attacks.

Phio TX from Quantum Xchange acts as a simple architecture overlay that works in tandem with conventional encryption systems and any TCP/IP connection (wireless, copper, satellite, fiber) to decouple key generation and delivery from data transmissions. With Phio TX a second, quantum-enhanced encryption key is sent out-of-band down a separate quantum-protected tunnel and mesh network to multiple transmission points. Continuous key rotation takes place on every transfer, further heightening the system’s security.

“We are in the early stages of the greatest migration in the history of computing as nearly every organization in the world will need to update and transition their legacy encryption to new quantum-safe standards,” said Sanjeev Walia, Founder and President of Spire Solutions. “Quantum Xchange’s unique technology greatly eases this burden, offering an affordable and dynamic next-generation key delivery architecture for stronger data security today and quantum-safe protection from future threats. We are pleased to have QXC as a partner and to add Phio TX to our portfolio of the world’s best security products and services.”

Phio TX embraces crypto agility, supporting quantum keys generated from any source, i.e., Quantum Random Number Generator (QRNG), Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), or a combination, and all Post-Quantum Cryptographic (PQC) key encapsulation candidate algorithms being evaluated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) scheduled for standardization in 2022. The FIPS-validated network security appliance also meets the European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) protocol for QKD. With Phio TX, users can start with PQC, then easily scale to QKD protection levels with no interruptions to their underlying infrastructure and no network downtime.

“Spire Solutions has a proven track record successfully introducing new cybersecurity solutions to more than 15 countries in its region, making them an ideal partner for Quantum Xchange as we look to expand our global visibility and reach,” said Eddy Zervigon, CEO of Quantum Xchange. “Spire’s dedicated division focusing on cyber threat intelligence, comprehensive risk protection, and response complements our mission to protect and preserve the digital infrastructure that runs our global economy by bringing to market a standards-based, quantum-ready solution that can easily meet the risk mitigation needs of a business at any time while delivering an infinitely stronger cybersecurity posture to any network environment.”

Quantum Xchange will join Spire Solutions stand H1 A120 at #LEAP22, the inaugural global platform for the most disruptive technology professionals taking place at the Riyadh Front Expo Centre in Saudi Arabia from Feb. 1-3, 2022.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Follow Us

Trending

Copyright © 2021 Security Review Magazine. Rysha Media LLC. All Rights Reserved.